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你知道吗:2019十大新兴技术 未来到底多酷?(双语)

作者: 安徽教育 发布时间: 2020年04月09日 19:08:38

  The 2019 list of the greatest emerging technologies was recently published by Bernard Meyerson, chief innovation officer of IBM and chair of the World Economic Forum’s meta-Council on Emerging Technologies。最近IBM的首席创新官兼世界经济论坛新兴科技委员会主席伯纳德·迈耶森发布了2019年最棒的新兴技术清单。

  The council, made of 18 technology gurus, uses its shared intelligence and discretion to identify the year’s most captivating, promising and interesting innovations. The annual list represents an effort to bring attention to the new technologies and to close the gaps in funding and regulation that often inhibit progress。委员会由18位科技专家组成,群策群力鉴定了年度最有魅力、最有前途以及最有意思的创新技术。这份年度榜单着力于呼吁人们关注新兴技术,并弥补因资金和规则阻碍发展带来的差距。

  Here is the 2019 list:以下是2019年榜单:

  

  1. Fuel cell vehicles1. 燃料电池车

  These cars will be powered by batteries more efficient and environmentally sound than electric and hydrocarbon-powered predecessors。比起以前靠电力和碳烃化合物驱动的车辆,这些车将由电池更加高效且环保地驱动。

  2. Next-generation robotics2. 下一代机器人

  The next generation of robots will interact with humans and even enhance them, in the form of prosthetics。下一代机器人将能够和人类互动,甚至能用假肢拥抱人类。

  3. Recyclablethermosetplastics3. 可回收热固性塑料

  A recyclable version of a plastic that formerly was not。从前塑料不可回收,现在有可回收的版本了。

  4. Precise genetic engineering techniques4. 精确基因工程技术

  Techniques which will eliminate a lot of the risk associated with genetic engineering。这项技术将会排除许多与基因工程有关的风险。

  5. Additive manufacturing5. 增材制造

  3D – and even 4D – printing for all sorts of products.3D——甚至4D——打印各种各样的产品。

  6. Emergent artificial intelligence6. 突发人工智能

  Making computers think like sentient beings, for purposes of industry。以生产为目的,使计算机如同众生一样思考。

  7. Distributed manufacturing7. 分布式生产

  A reversal of the industrial revolution that will see manufacturing decentralized, more local。一项工业革命的逆转——制造业分散——变得更加本土化。

  8. “Sense and avoid” drones8. 具有“感应与躲避”功能的无人机

  Flying robots will be used for emergency and disaster situations。飞行机器人将被应用于突发事件及灾难情境。

  9. Neuromorphic technology9. 神经形态技术

  Computer chips that process information more like a human brain does。电脑芯片处理信息将会更加人性化——如同人类大脑一般。

  10. Digital genome10. 数字化基因组

  Digitizing humanity’s genomes for medical purposes。以医学为目的将人类基因数字化。