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2019中考英语备考:英语易错集锦大全211道题精选

作者: 安徽教育 发布时间: 2020年02月13日 16:28:38

  中学英语易错集锦大全211道题 (精华珍藏版)

  1.Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn‘t go to work。 (×)

  Because he was ill yesterday, he didn‘t go to work。 (√)

  He was ill yesterday, so he didn‘t go to work。 (√)

  [析] 用though, but表示“虽然……,但是…… ”或用because, so 表示“因为……,所以……”时,though和but 及because和so 都只能择一而用,不能两者同时使用。

  2.The Smiths have moved Beijing。 (×)

  The Smiths have moved to Beijing。 (√)

  [析] 不及物动词后接名词或代词作宾语时,要在动词之后加上适当的介词;但不及物动词后接home, here, there等副词作宾语时,动词之后不必加任何介词。

  3.The box is too heavy for him to carry it。 (×)

  The box is too heavy for him to carry。 (√)

  [析] the box既是这句话的主语, 也是不定式to carry的逻辑宾语,若句末再加上it,就和the box重复了。

  4.Each of the boys have a pen。 (×)

  Each of the boys has a pen。 (√)

  [析] 复数名词前有表个体的each of, one of, every,either of等词组修饰,或有表否定的neither of, none of 等词组修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式。

  5。例:那是你心软!我不就是一个例子吗?

  Neither he nor you is good at English。 (×)

  Neither he nor you are good at English。 (√)

  [析] either。。。 or。。。, neither。。。 nor。。。, not only。。。, but also。。。 等词组连接句子的两个主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近一致原则”, 即由靠近谓语的那个主语决定谓语的人称和数用何种形式。

  6.Ten minus three are seven。 (×)

  Ten minus three is seven。 (√)

  [析] 用英语表示加(plus)、减(minus)等数学运算时,谓语动词也用单数形式。

  7.The number of the workers in this factory are about 5,000。 (×)

  The number of the workers in this factory is about 5,000。 (√)

  [析] the number of表示“……的数量”,谓语动词用单数形式;a number of 的意思是“若干”或“许多”,相当于some或a lot of,和复数名词连用,谓语动词用复数形式。

  8。 例。 Hello! I have important something to tell you。 (×)

  Hello! I have something important to tell you。 (√)

  [析] 形容词或动词不定式修饰不定代词作定语时,修饰成分要置于不定代词之后。

  9。 His son is enough old to go to school。 (×)

  His son is old enough to go to school。 (√)

  [析] enough作形容词修饰名词时,可以放在名词前,也可放在名词后;作副词修饰形容词或副词时,只能放在形容词或副词之后。

  10。。 Here is your sweater, put away it。(×)

  Here is your sweater, put it away。 (√)

  [析] put away, pick up, put on等“动词+副词”构成的词组后接代词作宾语时,代词只能放在动词和副词之间。

  11。 Look! Here the bus comes。(×)

  Look! Here comes the bus。(√)

  [析] 在以here, there引起的陈述句中,若句子的主语是名词,要用倒装语序,即用“Here /There+动词+名词”结构;但主语若是代词时,则不用倒装语序, 即用“Here/There +代词+动词”结构。

  12。 I do well in playing football, _______。 (我妹妹也行。)A。 so my sister does(×)B。 so does my sister(√)

  li Lei is really a football fan。 --- _______。 (确实这样。) A。 So is he(×) B。 So he is(√)

  [析] “so+be动词/助动词+主语”的倒装结构表示前面所述情况也适用于后者,意为“……也是这样”;“so+主语+be动词/助动词”的陈述结构表示对前述情况的肯定,意为“……确实如此”。

  13。重庆比中国的其他城市都大。

  Chongqing is larger than any city in China。 (×)Chongqing is larger than any other city in China。 (√)

  [析] “any city in China”包括了重庆这座城市, 同一事物自己与自己不能做比较,只有在city 前加上other才能表示重庆和中国的其它城市比较大小。

  The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than Beijing。 (×)

  The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than that in Beijing 。 (√)

  [析] 表示比较时,句子中的两个比较对象必须一致,不同的比较对象不能做比较。错误句的比较对象分别为the weather in Guangzhou和Beijing,这两个不同类的事物之间不能做比较。

  14, His sister married with a teacher last summer。(×)His sister married a teacher last summer。 (√)

  [析] 表达“A和B结婚”,要用A married/will marry B。这时务必要避免受汉语影响使用A married/will marry with B。

  15。 例There is going to have a film tonight。 (×) There is going to be a film tonight。 (√)